“Needles don’t really hurt. The sensation is like an ant bite — it’s either a big one or small one.” reveals Acupuncturist Leong to THE STAR Newspaper's reporter during interview session about Acupuncture Treatment. read more
"Exercises can also improve the emotional well-being of parkinsonian patients by giving them a feeling of accomplishment. "
What is Parkinson disease?
Parkinson disease is a brain disorder. It occurs when certain nerve cells (neurons) in a part of the brain called the substantia nigra die or become impaired. Normally, these cells produce a vital chemical known as dopamine. Dopamine allows smooth, coordinated function of the body's muscles and movement. When approximately 80% of the dopamine-producing cells are damaged, the symptoms of Parkinson disease appear.
What are the signs and symptoms of Parkinson disease?
The cardinal motor symptoms are slowed movements (called bradykinesia), resting tremor (shaking in an arm or leg when it is not being moved), muscle rigidity (stiffness), and postural instability. Other symptoms are listed in the Box below. Symptoms typically begin on one side of the body (unilateral) and progress to include both sides.
Symptoms of Parkinson's Disease
(Not all people with PD develop all these symptoms.)
- Motor Symptoms
- Rigidity and freezing in place
- Stooped, shuffling gait
- Decreased arm swing when walking
- Difficulty arising from a chair
- Micrographia (small handwriting)
- Lack of facial expression
- Slowed activities of daily living
- Postural instability
- Difficulty turning in bed
- Nonmotor Symptoms
- Diminished sense of smell
- Low voice volume
- Painful foot cramps
- Sleep disturbance
- Increased sweating
- Urinary frequency/urgency
- Male erectile dysfunction
Who gets Parkinson disease?
Parkinson disease affects both men and women in almost equal numbers. It shows no social, ethnic, economic or geographic boundaries. In the United States, it is estimated that 60,000 new cases are diagnosed each year, joining the 1.5 million Americans who currently have Parkinson disease. While the condition usually develops after the age of 65, 15% of those diagnosed are under 50.
How is Parkinson disease diagnosed?
The process of making a Parkinson disease diagnosis can be difficult. There is no X-ray or blood test that can confirm Parkinson disease. A physician arrives at the diagnosis only after a thorough examination. Blood tests and brain scans known as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be performed to rule out other conditions that have similar symptoms. People suspected of having Parkinson disease should consider seeking the care of a neurologist who specializes in Parkinson disease.
What is the treatment for Parkinson disease?
There are a number of effective medicines that help to ease the symptoms of Parkinson disease. Most symptoms are caused by lack of dopamine. The medicines most commonly used will attempt to either replace or mimic dopamine, which improves the tremor, rigidity and slowness associated with Parkinson disease. Several new medicines are being studied that may slow the progression. Many promise to improve the lives of people with Parkinson disease.
Parkinson's disease (also known as Parkinson disease or PD) is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that often impairs the sufferer's motor skills and speech.
Parkinson's disease is a disorder that affects nerve cells in the part of the brain controlling muscle movement.
Parkinson typically begins in a person's 50s or 60s, and slowly progresses with increasing age. The average age of onset is 62.4 years. Onset before age 30 is rare, but up to 10% of cases begin by age 40.
Parkinson's disease is a progressive neurological disorder that results from degeneration of neurons in a region of the brain that controls movement.
Parkinson's disease (also known as PD or Parkinson disease) is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system, that affects the control of muscles, and so may affect movement, speech and posture.
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